Washing your hands is the best way to protect yourself against coronavirus, but using hand sanitizer is another option.
How to make hand sanitizer at home
We can use these gels day by day as a complement to outdoor cleaning, never as a substitute for handwashing with soap under running water.
Frequent hand washing is one of the basic preventive measures recommended by health authorities to prevent the spread of the coronavirus. It is about limiting contagions through the hands that are frequently in contact with objects such as door handles, tables, mobile phones, on the one hand, as well as with the mucous membranes of the body (nose, mouth, eyes).
Although little by little we become aware of the need to incorporate these exceptional hygiene measures into our daily routine, when we are away from home we do not always have soap and water to clean ourselves. Hence, hand sanitizers in Lahore have become one of the most popular products in this health crisis. We are talking about hydroalcoholic gels that are useful for washing hands in situations where we do not have access to soap and water.
And, since many of us have already verified that in pharmacies and supermarkets stocks have been devastated, we have chosen to collect simple recipes with which to prepare our own
Homemade hand sanitizer
The basis of any of these rinse-free hand sanitizers is alcohol, capable of killing microorganisms. In addition, some recipes, such as the one recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) to prepare in pharmacies, also have hydrogen peroxide, with disinfecting and bactericidal powers. To compensate for the aggressiveness of these products on the skin, ingredients such as glycerin or aloe vera are used, as appropriate.
Some pharmacists and some healthcare professionals have taken advantage of social networks to share the standard recipe for these disinfectants, based on simple ingredients:
– 250 ml of 96º alcohol
– 90 ml of water
– 25 ml of liquid glycerin
Everything is mixed in a dispenser hermetic so that it conserves its properties.
The WHO recipe
Adaptation with homemade measures of the prescription provided to pharmacies by WHO would consist of mixing:
– 250 ml 96º alcohol
– 7 ml hydrogen peroxide
– 30 ml of distilled water
– 5 ml of liquid glycerin
In addition, we find other formulas to get a hand sanitizer in Pakistan without rinsing in hydrogel format (thicker). They are those that combine these ingredients:
– Pure Aloe Vera (to soften the skin)
– Alcohol of 96º (to disinfect)
– OPTIONAL: Essential oil of tea tree or lavender (to give aroma and disinfect)
Other simpler versions mix gels with aloe vera (⅔) with 96º alcohol (⅓) in order to obtain a formula that disinfects while not damaging the hands.
In addition to alcohol, industrially produced hand sanitizers contain other specific fungicidal and biocidal ingredients that are not available to the common consumer. Despite this, one of these household disinfectants can serve as an emergency cleaning remedy in contexts where we cannot wash our hands with soap and water.
Thus, we can use these gels day by day as a complement to outdoor cleaning, never as a substitute for handwashing with soap under running water.
How to wash your hands effectively
Health authorities, led by the WHO, have identified handwashing as the main preventive measure against coronavirus infections. But it is important to emphasize that the mere fact of wetting the hands and partially impregnating them with soap may be insufficient.
To guarantee effective cleaning, we must carry out the following steps, whether we are talking about soap and water, or disinfectant gels:
– Step 1: Start by soaking them in water and applying the soap on a palm.
– Step 2: rub your palms together.
– Step 3: rub palm on back, one hand, and another inserting finger to clean the base of these.
– Step 4: rub the palms again with your fingers open and interleaved to clean the inside of the base.
– Step 5: rub each thumb with the palm of the opposite hand, wrapping it and rotating it. Repeat with each finger.
– Step 6: rub the back of the fingers against the opposite palm . Repeat with the other hand.
– Step 7: rub the fingertips against the opposite palm making the rotational motion.
After this painstaking process, which can last around a minute, we can rinse our hands with water and dry ourselves, preferably with paper or a clean towel. Even to close the tap it is recommended to use the towel. Only then can we guarantee the correct cleaning of the hands.
We know that while direct person-to-person contact is a frequent cause of contagion (which we can avoid by increasing interpersonal distance and avoiding physical contact), COVID-19 can be transmitted through objects and surfaces that we manipulate. In both cases, handwashing is essential to avoid, if possible, being infected or infecting others.
Protection for coronavirus: how to make homemade hand sanitizer gel
The best way to avoid the transmission of diseases, including the coronavirus, is to wash your hands well with soap and water and avoid touching your face. The whole community, nonscientific and scientific, practically agrees on this, including the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
However, something so apparently simple can be very difficult if you are traveling, even if you do not have access to soap and water. In this case, the best thing you can do is use a hand sanitizer gel and you don’t need to buy it if you ever find it, you can make it yourself.
Concern about the coronavirus outbreak has led to increased awareness of taking hygiene measures and disinfectant gel is hard to find these days. (A quick search on Amazon yielded a “currently unavailable” on most dispensers and pocket wipes.)
In that case, you can make your own disinfectant and it’s not that difficult. There is a wide variety of websites, which have not published the formula, not because of the coronavirus but for savings.
There is general agreement on how to make a homemade disinfectant to be effective. Then, it is a matter of taste and, therefore, optional, whether it is scented or not.
1. The hand sanitizer should have a concentration of at least 60% 99% isopropyl alcohol and 30% aloe vera gel to stabilize it and protect your hands. The suggestion to use vodka instead of isopropyl alcohol can be ignored because many vodkas are only 40% alcohol and why waste a good liquor anyway?)
2. The disinfectant is only effective if your hands are well covered and allowed to dry. Putting a few drops on the palms of your hands and then cleaning your hands is not going to help at all.
Whether with soap or water or using a disinfectant gel, the recommendation is not to touch your face with your hands.
And one last recommendation on mobiles. These devices are considered by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to have a “high-contact surface” and as a precaution, if you think they have been exposed.