To achieve a minimum of success in sports fishing, it is important to know some simple basics
that will help to understand and adapt fishing techniques and strategies. The following text is intended to provide and illustrate a
minimum of notions. Those who are passionate about this passion can find more information in many books and magazines
specialists who will treat one subject or the other more deeply. This text consists of four parts:
1) the characteristics of lakes and streams;
2) fish and fish habitat;
3) regulation and security;
4) fishing equipment and techniques.
It may seem confusing to organize for a first fishing experience. Do not let yourself be stunned. Commencezsimplement
by basic equipment adapted to the species of fish sought. Fishing rod with reel, hooks, some
spoons, weighings and natural baits are often enough to succeed. You can also ask for advice in
specialty stores. Let’s go step by step.
The production of this document was made possible thanks to the financial support of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Wildlife (MRNF)
as part of the Wildlife Reinvestment Program. However, the ideas and opinions expressed in this document
are those of the Society of outdoor establishments of Quebec (Sépaq).
Have you ever seen two identical lakes? Hopefully not. Each lake offers a new discovery. They are all different
each other by their size, their depth, the cutting of their outline, the nature of the soil from which their water comes, the
flow that feeds them in water and nutrients, their transparency, their grip on prevailing winds, etc.
The different components of a lake will be those that will be explored in the fishery because the fish find conditions
changing: the water inlet as the outlet (discharge), the island tour, the land spikes, strangulation between two parts of the
lake, a bay or a seagrass that produces fish food, the proximity of banks where the depth increases suddenly,
etc. Best quality fish tools 
The water temperature of a lake varies seasonally, especially on the surface. Now, the temperature of the water determines its density.
It is at 4 ° C (39 ° F) that the density will be maximum. That’s why, in the deep enough lakes of Quebec, it is formed in summer
(and in winter), a layer of water in layers of different temperatures that do not mix. In a deep lake, if we
can swim in the surface water in the summer, for example at 24 ° C (75 ° F), a deep transition zone
meters between water at 24 ° C on the surface and that at 4 ° C in depth.
Beaver Hut
Tips and
Secondary water inlet
Island and berries
Length and
the width of the lake
Main water inlet:
the area and the nature of the soils from where
water influence the characteristics in the lake
The temperature of the water shown in the diagram below decreases slowly below the surface and begins to drop suddenly at
mid-depth before stabilizing around 4 ° C in depth. online shopping in Pakistan  Fish looking for cold and oxygenated water will avoid
surface waters to take refuge in their comfort zone during the hot season.

The thermocline corresponds to the depth at which the change of
temperature is the fastest, as shown by the scale to the right of the image
The change in temperature between the surface and the bottom, therefore, influences the distribution of fish in the lake. It is then necessary
to adjust the depth at which you are fishing. In the case of brook trout or brook trout, the fish finds its zone of
comfort where the water varies between 12 ° C (53 ° F) and 16 ° C (61 ° F) ideally. Gray trout or lake trout will take refuge in colder water
which is close to 10 (50 ° F) at 12 ° C as long as there is enough oxygen to meet its requirements. The “good depth”
to find these temperatures will be different from one lake to another because of their own characteristics.
The favorable temperature zone (in
pale) to a species of water fish
cold can only occupy part of
the total depth somewhere between
the bottom and the surface. Comfort zone
By crossing the water towards the depth, the light decomposes by gradually losing the coulours in the order of the spectrum in
starting with red, then orange, online shopping in Lahore yellow and green. Blue and mauve are the last visible colors to fish more

At certain times (spring and fall), the temperature and density of surface water will be the same as at depth
in the lake. This will allow a mixing of the water to depth under the effect of the wind and a renewal of the oxygen.
This is why brook trout are found on the surface in the spring.

A bathymetric map represents the relief of the lake bottom by lines of equal depths. online shopping in Karachi The closer the lines (bathymetric curves) are, the stronger the slope of the bottom, and the further the lines are, the lower the slope of the bottom.
low. It informs the fisherman about the location of the deep areas where he will find the coldest waters and the areas
where the temperature will be hot in summer.
How to read bathymetric curves
The numbers indicate depths in meters or feet, depending on the map.
the points of the same depths. This card
is even more useful for those who do not have
echo sounder (sonar) or thermometer.
Arrows indicate places where the slope
strong allows a fish to exploit an area
(shallower) that produces food,
proximity to the deep and cold zone of which he
depends in

It is between 0 and 6 meters (less than 20 feet) that we find the most productive area of the lake but also the hottest in summer.
Aquatic plants and algae settle in and harbor an abundance of insect and invertebrate larvae. This is the area that
produces food for the fish. In addition, the deepest zone can be deprived of oxygen in summer and become uninhabitable
for the fish.

En ruisseau ou en rivière, les eaux en mouvement peuvent être plus facilement rechargées en oxygène après un brassage dans une chute ou une cascade. online shopping islamabad En plus de s’adapter à la température de l’eau, la répartition des poissons se fera aussi en fonction de la vitesse du courant et de la nature du fond. Ils se disputeront les meilleures places pour se mettre à l’abri du courant tout en ayant un poste de chasse pour capturer leurs proies qui dérivent. Cela peut être dans une fosse profonde qui les cachera en même temps de leurs prédateurs, derrière une grosse roche qui freine le courant,sous une berge en surplomb, au travers des branches d’un arbre renversé et partiellement noyé.

Related Posts

Leave a Reply